Citation: Kiernan, Nancy Ellen (2004). Observations: An Underused Method to Collect Data: Tipsheet #37, University Park, PA: Penn State Cooperative Extension.
This document is part of a series of Tipsheets that contain practical evaluation illustrations based on current research and developed by Nancy Ellen Kiernan at Penn State Cooperative Extension. This document focuses on how to collect needs assessment and evaluation data other than through a survey.
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