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Science Planning in the U.S. States: Policy Priorities an...S   8.16MB   1 version
Uploaded - 01-05-2017
While US science and technology (S&T) policy mainly occurs at the federal level, the states play an important role as well, managing priorities and initiatives within their jurisdictions. One tool to support this are state science plans, which provide a foundation for planning as well as evaluation through the articulation of priorities, goals and in some cases metrics. In the early 1990’s, the development of state science plans reflected the public management goals of that era. Since that time, the number of states publishing S&T plans has nearly doubled. This paper reports on a project that catalogues current efforts by US states to plan for S&T policy, and compares these efforts to earlier reviews of these same processes. We examine the published state plans for economic development, education, and S&T policy for US states; then analyze them for science and research-specific content characteristics, using a mixed-methods approach of manual coding and N-Vivo text analysis software. Findings show that states vary in the focus and priorities of their plans. Further, states participating in the NSF EPSCoR program constituted the vast majority of those currently engaging in S&T planning and that S&T plans from states participating in EPSCoR are more likely to be strategic plans than those of non-EPSCoR states. Details on strategies and evidence of state-to-state policy diffusion are presented.

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